Studio Victoria

Passive House Concept Explained


Studio Victoria

2 minutes

In today’s article, we are going to be focussing on the Passive House Standard by answering the following questions: what is a passive house? What is the Passive House concept? and What are the Passive House principles? Keep reading and find out how Passive House can help you to #ONEUPYOURBUSINESS!


A Passive House is a building concept that offers energy savings and improved comfort and health for occupants. Passive House buildings use low amounts of energy for cooling and heating and are built according to principles developed by the Passive House Institute in Germany.

Compared to standard practise for the UK new build, Passive House buildings achieve a 75% reduction in space heating requirements. This can help the industry to reduce carbon emissions by 80% and contribute to the UK government’s mission of a greener future by helping to meet target of reducing the UK’s greenhouses gasses by 100% by 2050.

The focus of Passive House is to reduce energy use and carbon emissions from buildings in a cost-effective way by reducing the requirement for space heating and cooling, whilst providing indoor comfort levels.


The term 'Passive House' was already being used in Architecture and Design to designate the houses that were created to collect and distribute solar energy as heat in the winter and reject the solar heat in summer. Passive Solar House was a common concept in the ancient civilisations of Greece, China, and Rome, although it was mostly abandoned after the fall of the Roman Empire and it was not until 1930s that George F. Keck modernised and brought a new lease of life the concept, designing houses like the House of Tomorrow in Indiana, USA.

Nowadays, Passive House is a low energy design concept that can be adopted by anyone without the need to pay any fees for a specific certification by any company that tries to capitalise from it. This more modern concept expands on the ideas of the Passive Solar Houses, adding new elements to it, like active heat recovery ventilation and other sources of heat besides solar.

Although the Passive House concept is more frequently applied to new buildings, it can also be successfully retrofitted to older constructions, and there are several tens of thousands of buildings worldwide designed and tested to the standard.


Passive House buildings achieve saving energy and reducing greenhouse gases by using energy efficient building components and a quality ventilation system. The Passive House principles include:

  • High levels of continuous insulation
  • Thermal fabric for UK climate
  • Minimal thermal bridging
  • Airtightness
  • Ventilation
  • Controlled ventilation and heat recovery during the heating season with Mechanical Ventilation with Heat Recovery (MVHR)
  • Use of solar and internal heat gains

Related articles

Let's have a chat

Take a look at our availability and book a no-obligation chat with us.

Book a quick chat
Loading team/studio-victoria/quick-chat
Send us an email
We're proud of using low C02 servers!
Studio Victoria is a Cyber Essentials Certified Company

©2023, All rights reserved. Company registered in England and Wales with Number 11165022, VAT Registration Number GB 286355862.

Studio Victoria